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What is Facebook’s Simplified Campaign Structure?

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What is Facebook’s Simplified Campaign Structure? When getting started with advertising on Facebook, your campaign structure needs three parts to run, and knowing how they work together will help your ads run the way you want, and reach the right audience.

These components are:

  1. Campaign: A campaign contains one or more ad sets and ads. You’ll choose one advertising objective for each of your campaigns.
  2. Ad set: Ad sets contain one or more ads. You’ll define your targeting, budget, schedule, bidding, and placement at the ad set level.
  3. Ad: The creative you use makes up an ad.

In February of last year, Facebook released its “Best Practices” update for structuring campaigns. This “many campaigns and many ad sets” account structure worked previously when AI was not managing account optimization. All those separate ad sets let advertisers test dozens of different combinations of audience settings, placement settings, and more. It was a manual way to find the most profitable niches in the advertising landscape. That structure worked well if all you have humans managing your campaigns. 

As Facebook advertising has evolved, the algorithms have taken more control, automating more of intraday campaign management. It’s become clear that the AI will get optimal performance from less “campaigns and ad sets” in the account setup.

As such, advertisers will benefit by restructuring their campaigns based on Facebook’s new Simplified Campaign Structure, which is a template for how to scale your Facebook advertising. Here we share more on how the algorithm enhancements work.


Why Facebook’s New Simplified Campaign Structure Works

With Facebook advertising in 2019, the algorithm can manage your intraday account changes better than you can. The algorithm is better at tracking, interpreting, and acting on the dozen or more “signals” generated by your ads hundreds of times a day.

Advertisers should let Facebook’s machine algorithm take over account optimizations. This gives you less control, but if you’ve chosen your campaign goals well, the account’s performance will improve.

Here’s why that means letting go of all those ad sets: Because the algorithm can crunch data so effectively, it doesn’t need all the “on/off” switches that human managers use different ad sets for. It actually operates better with a simplified account structure.

The simplified structure also allows your campaign to get out of the “learning phase” faster and stay in the optimized phase longer.

What is Facebook’s “Learning Phase” Campaign Status?

Facebook’s learning phase is a type of slowed-down campaign status while Facebook is gathering all the necessary data to deliver your campaign as stable as possible. It gets triggered whenever there’s a “significant change” made to a campaign, or a campaign has just launched. Most advertisers want to minimize how long their campaigns are in this status because campaign performance typically drops about 30% during the learning phase.

The learning phase is just another example of how Facebook ad management has changed now that the algorithms manage the platform. After the Best Practices update, fewer changes and giving more control to the algorithm resulted in better performance.

Measuring Performance

While performance slows down during the learning phase, important things are happening. The algorithm is calibrating the ad delivery system for the “new” campaign, new ad set, or bid and budget changes so it will achieve optimal performance. Nearly a dozen different signals are being measured, and the system is also taking into account the ad’s history, the campaign’s history, the account’s history, and the user’s history… ultimately, so the campaign can perform even better.

Performance Fluctuations

After about 50 conversions per week per ad set, Facebook’s advertising algorithm will have enough data to shift a campaign out of the learning phase. At this time, your ad set can experience fewer performance fluctuations. You can make an informed decision about your ad set. If you’re satisfied with your results, you can let it keep running or increase its budget. If you’re unsatisfied, you can edit the ad set to try to improve its performance or pause it.

This is an important aspect of the learning phase to understand: Ad Sets aren’t put into the learning phase for any particular length of time. They’re put into the learning phase until they’ve accrued enough data that the system will release them into full delivery.

Because of how the system works, if an advertiser specifies too many criteria for a campaign, it’s possible to inadvertently require the system to keep the campaign in the learning phase for longer than might have been necessary.

In other words, the more limitations you put on a campaign’s performance, the longer the learning phase may be.

Simplified Campaign Structure Performance Requirements

Of course, almost every campaign has performance requirements. Maybe it has to work within a tight budget, or needs to generate conversions at a particular price. Just go easy on how many constraints you set. The more flexible (or “liquid” as Facebook would say) you can be with campaign settings, the more room you allow for the algorithm to work.

Fortunately, there are several ways to get the results you want, to still minimize the learning phase, and to get great results, and they’re all considered Facebook best practices.

Best Practices for Facebook’s Simplified Campaign Structure


Increase audience size

Increase the size of the audience you’re targeting in order for Facebook to gather enough data more quickly. For instance:

  • Increase retargeting windows
  • Use larger groups for Lookalike Audiences
  • If you’ve got interest and behavior targets with a lot of overlap, group them together
  • Try to minimize audience overlap – using exclusions and excluding past purchasers can help


Optimize for the right event

If you aren’t happy with your campaigns’ performance, optimize your campaigns for an event further along in your sales funnel. For example, instead of optimizing for clicks or web page views, optimize for an event that only happens when someone initiates checkout. That’s the type of event that truly drives revenue.

If you optimize a campaign for an event further along in the funnel, you’ll probably be optimizing for a conversion event that happens less often than, say, the first click. That’s okay, but it will slow down how quickly a campaign can accrue signals, and so it will keep your campaigns in the learning phase longer. In our experience that extra wait is worth the upfront cost.

Use automatic placements

Implement the following:

Combine placements. Combined placements can generate a 2.1x lift, 71% lower cost per conversion, and 7% more reach for your campaigns. Have plenty of customizable creative assets.

Increase budget liquidity. Four specific ways to do this are:

  • Increasing the budget to bid ratios.
  • Use Campaign Budget Optimization. If you aren’t doing this already, you might as well get used to it. Facebook will require all advertisers to use CBO by this fall.
  • Test creative at the ad level. Do you create multiple ad sets to test individual pieces of creative? It’s time to let that go. Test your creative at the ad level, not the ad set level. It’s much more efficient.
  • Use Placement Asset Customization. Want to coordinate your messaging across platforms? Then use this feature to specify which creative asset gets used on each platform.

Bid appropriately.

  • Choose a bid strategy based on your campaign’s goals and spending requirements.
  • Assign a value to your audience and bid according to your audience’s lifetime value.
  • Set your bid cap higher than your bid goal. Remember: Bids are usually higher than actual bid costs. It’s okay to bid higher than the cost you actually want to spend.


How to Choose the Right Bid Strategy for Simplified Campaign Structure

Choosing a bid strategy is really an exercise in balancing between more conversions or more control. The algorithm is pretty good at its job, so we do recommend letting it do the heavy lifting of account management, especially if you’re willing to spend some money getting your campaign up to speed. 

There are three bid strategies to pick from:

1. Lowest cost: Lets Facebook set a bid for your given conversion event (formerly Automatic bid)

  • Use Cases: You value the volume of conversions over a strict efficiency goal; Priority is to spend the budget in full.

2. Target cost: Set an average cost per conversion event (formerly ‘Average’ bid)

  • Use Cases: You want results at a specific, stable cost per result; You are willing to sacrifice some efficiency for consistency.

3. Lowest cost with a bid cap: Set a bid cap to control your cost per conversion event (formerly ‘Maximum’ bid)

  • Use Cases: You understand the maximum amount you can bid per incremental result. You are targeting a broader audience with a lower likelihood to convert and want to manage costs.


Simplified Campaign Structure Conclusion

The Facebook algorithm is taking over and it’s important to understand how the algorithm works and to give it the data, the budgets, and the creative assets needed for optimal performance. The Facebook algorithm will take away the budget lever from humans when Campaign Budget Optimization becomes mandatory in September 2019.

Keep in mind that machines can’t do creative development yet, and that’s now the biggest competitive advantage advertisers have. User acquisition managers should invest in creative development and creative testing. They should keep their skills current and stay agile. We expect many more changes from Facebook and Google in the coming months and years.

simplified campaign structuresimplified campaign structure



Read our blog post, UA Media Buying Model, and see how it works in tandem with our Ad Concept Model. Learn the media buying best practice strategies for Facebook Android, Facebook iOS SKAN, Google, and TikTok.

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